Organización y sostenibilidad en un sistema urbano socio-ecológico y complejo

Alejandro D. Crojethovich Martín, Alejandro J. Rescia Perazzo


The traditional approach deals with sustainability on the basis of the interaction between social, economic and ecological subsystems. There is some degree of dependence among these subsystems and a special kind of sustainability can be defined for each one. The different kinds of sustainability are related to the objectives that have to be reached in each subsystem. Another perspective is that sustainability is a measure of how well the organisation and structure of a system are maintained. Despite the advances, statistical and individual approaches are still more prevalent that dynamic and systematized approaches. This study was undertaken using the example of the systemic integration of a city and sustainability as a property resulting from the interrelations between the different aspects mentioned above, which are applied within the theoretical frame of urban ecology.

The methodology considers the city as a complex system and takes into account the many dimensions of the environment (physical, social, economic, cultural, etc.). The sustainability analysis is focused on the management of urban water resources. A system was constructed that enables us to study the interrelations that explain the quality of water resources (superficial and deep), the types of water use, the socioeconomic status of the consumers, the main productive activities in the region and the effect of these activities on the state of the resource (industrial and domestic waste), the conditions of vulnerability and environmental risk and the main ecological processes that are a result of these interactions (pollution, flooding, etc.).


Càtedra UNESCO de Sostenibilidad | Revista Internacional STH

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