Plusvalías y regeneración urbana: el caso de estudio del Centro Histórico de Guadalajara
ResumenA windfall is any increase in the value of real estate, other than that caused by the owner or by general inflation, more particularly, is any increase in the value of land arising from a planning decision. The specialized literature (Hagman & Misczynsk, 1978) has discussed if windfalls can be recaptured, offering ways to get it, such as land value taxes, taxes on gains in property value, special assessments, zoning and so on. The purpose of this paper is to analyse different strategies for returning to the community the windfalls resulting from changes in urban planning at the historic downtown of Guadalajara, Mexico. The methodology consists in a review of the existing databases, laws and changes in urban plans and to elaborate a 3D Model and a Geographic Information System to represent and identify the "Urban Potential" derived from urban planning and makes an approach of how the land windfalls can be another way of municipal revenue through several proposals of value capture instruments. As a result, the study proposes the exploitation of this potential and estimates the land windfalls for the study area. The change in the land use from single family home to multi-family buildings, and the restructuring of services and shops into office buildings and creative activities, as well as the densification of the area is the aim of this urban regeneration to make a Sustainable and Holistic Urban Development. The research is original and outstanding because there is no tradition in Mexico to use the value capture from urban planning as municipal revenue. Until now, the city government uses only the value capture from public works as special assessments. The study was prepared at the request of the municipality of Guadalajara through the City Planning Commission.