New strategies for environmental management in harbours : the case of the Tarragona port monobuoy
AbstractPorts are a potential focus of sea pollution and therefore port authorities and operators have a key role on the sustainability and environmental protection of the coastal waters. In the last decades, monitoring techniques of the marine environment have been implemented in ports, and accurate meteo-oceanographic prediction systems have been developed. New available systems may be used to obtain real-time data in order to improve risk assessment and the management of pollution events (e.g. video surveillance systems, Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV), remote sensing products, etc.). The availability of meteo-oceanographic operational services (for instance, the SAMOA initiative from the Spanish Port Agency) allows to implement statistical techniques, such as Monte Carlo simulations, to perform probabilistic studies of potential pollution events. This contribution aims to develop new strategies, focusingon two aspects of the marine management: 1) The incorporation of the statistical methods and the available data of the physical environment; and 2) The design of environmental risk management strategies adapted to the present regulations. These tools may enhance efficiency in the environmental management of port waters and nearby coastal areas reducing the negative impact of pollutant discharges.