Implementation of a rfid system on ships for passenger and crew location
AbstractAlongside the advances made in luxury and comfort in passenger ships over the last few decades, new and modern elements and protocols for the safety of the ship, passengers and the environment have also been established. At present, the major concern is to develop a more specialized security technological framework with the main objective of minimizing risks on board. It is in this area that the present work is carried out with a view to proposing the implementation of a system for locating people on board in real time consisting of the use of tracking bracelets, based on radiofrequency technology. Radio frequency technology is a technology that is now more than 50 years old, and yet it is still a technology with great potential. Despite being a system that requires a substantial initial investment and costly maintenance, the benefits, in the short and long term, will be reflected in a substantial reduction in the number of incidents that pose a security risk, as well as a more efficient management of resources. The system applies the use of active radio frequency tags installed on the bracelets that will respond to the message transmitted by a transceiver through a series of antennas distributed throughout the vessel. By means of a series of algorithms, these antennas will determine the position of the bracelet and therefore identify the owner passenger. These devices will be operational both in the interior spaces of the ship and on the outer decks. Finally, a procedure is developed for the use of this system focused on respecting at all times the privacy rights of the passengers. As a result, and for moments of crisis on board, an efficient missing passenger location system will be obtained, along with a procedure to ensure its proper use.