• Anas Alamoush Maritime Energy Management Specialization, World Maritime University, Malmö, Sweden
  • Aykut Ölçer Maritime Energy Management Specialization, World Maritime University, Malmö, Sweden



Maritime Autonomous Surface Ships (MASS) represent a transformative paradigm in the maritime industry, leveraging advanced technologies to revolutionize vessel operations. Despite the proliferation of MASS projects, there remains a critical gap in understanding their architecture, operational requirements, and socioeconomic impacts comprehensively. This review aims to address this gap by systematically analyzing existing MASS projects to identify key projects results and areas of focus. The results reveal discrepancies and some omissions in current projects, emphasizing the importance of a holistic approach in research and prototype projects to develop MASS effectively. By highlighting essential areas of focus for further research and prototype projects, this study contributes to advancing the understanding and implementation of MASS technologies. Ultimately, this research informs policymakers, researchers, and practitioners, facilitating the seamless integration of MASS into maritime operations and enhancing efficiency and safety in the maritime domain.

Author Biographies

Anas Alamoush, Maritime Energy Management Specialization, World Maritime University, Malmö, Sweden

Dr. Anas works as post-doctoral research associate at the World Maritime University (WMU). Anas embarked on his academic journey after serving as a ship captain in Jordan Navy. Anas has a Master of Science degree in Shipping Management and Logistics, and PhD in maritime affairs from WMU.

As a proud alumnus of WMU Sasakawa and the UN Nippon Research Program on the Law of the Sea, Anas focused on developing sustainability frameworks for the Port of Aqaba in Jordan. Anas's drive for excellence extends beyond his academic pursuits. He actively participated in high-level projects, collaborating with industry professionals, such as EU Bonus Baltimari, which focuses on enhancing maritime safety, and the WMU/ITF Future of Work project, which explored the integration of cutting-edge technologies in the shipping industry.

Anas still plays a pivotal role in the EU Horizon Seanergy project, dedicated to facilitating the transition of ports towards cleaner energy sources, reinforcing his commitment to sustainable port operations. Currently, Anas also works at WMU on IMO impact assessment of the GHG med term measures. Demonstrating his aptitude for research, Anas has published numerous studies in internationally renowned, peer-reviewed journals. Furthermore, Anas has leveraged his expertise by serving as a reviewer for internationally peer-reviewed maritime transport and sustainability journals.

Beyond academia, Anas has engaged with diverse nations, fostering international partnerships and contributing to the development of comprehensive transport strategies. Anas's accomplishments have not gone unnoticed, as he has been honored with prestigious accolades, including the Queen of Denmark Maregerate Second Medal for his outstanding service in the realm of international affairs

Aykut Ölçer, Maritime Energy Management Specialization, World Maritime University, Malmö, Sweden

Professor Dr. Aykut I. ÖLÇER is a naval architect and marine engineer holding the Nippon Foundation Professorial Chair in “Marine Technology and Innovation” at the World Maritime University (WMU). He is currently the Director of Research of WMU as well as the Head of Maritime Energy Management Specialization (MSc program). He served as the Editor-in-Chief of WMU Journal of Maritime Affairs (JOMA) and Book Series between February’17 and February’19. Prior to joining WMU, he worked at Newcastle University (England), University of Strathclyde (Scotland) and Istanbul Technical University (Türkiye) within the fields of Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering. He played an important role in Newcastle University’s first international branch in Singapore to help the University achieve its objectives in teaching/learning and research activities in the UG and PG programs of Marine Technology.

For many years, he has conducted research independently/jointly and collaborated with other researchers, academics and students all over the world, in particular from Europe and Asia. Dr Ölçer was involved in numerous EU funded FP5, FP6, FP7, Horizon 2020 and EU Horizon projects and IMO projects as well as IAMU and regional projects in Scandinavia. He currently leads the research priority areas, namely ‘Maritime Energy Management” and “Marine Technology and Innovation”, at WMU. He has published results of his research in leading, internationally peer-reviewed journals such as “Journal of Cleaner Production”, “Fuel Processing Technology”, “European Journal of Operational Research”, “Computers and Operational Research”, “Applied Soft Computing”, “Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment” and so on. He is the main Editor of the book “Trends and Challenges in Maritime Energy Management (”, which was one of the most downloaded Springer books in 2018. He delivered keynote speeches all over the world, in particular in the discipline of maritime decarbonisation