Métodos artesanales en la fabricación robótica: una evolución en la experiencia docente


  • Ricardo Mayor Luque Instituto de Arquitectura Avanzada de Cataluña - IaaC - https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5398-5403
  • Alexandre Dubor Institute for Advanced Architecture of Catalonia -IAAC-
  • Mathilde Marengo Institute for Advanced Architecture of Catalonia -IAAC-



Palabras clave:

metodología activa, diseño/construcción, diseño conducido por sistemas de producción, exploración material, fabricación robótica


El artículo analiza cómo la fabricación robótica, más allá de ser un innovador modo de producción, puede reinterpretar el método artesanal, como la pintura o la estereotomía, ofreciendo así una nueva herramienta de diseño en la experiencia docente. Inicialmente, se presenta un marco teórico compuesto por: el rol de la artesanía; el paradigma entre fabricación y herramientas digitales; y el uso de la fabricación robótica, en la escuela de Arquitectura. Concretamente, se analiza la metodología y contenido de una serie de proyectos educativos y de investigación (2019-2021) en los que se ha implementado el método artesanal en la fabricación robótica. Estos ejemplos ilustran el marco propuesto y ayudan a determinar su aplicabilidad, impacto y limitaciones para establecer un diálogo más profundo entre el diseño digital y material, y así demostrar una nueva forma exploratoria de abordar el diseño en la escuela de Arquitectura.

Biografía del autor/a

Ricardo Mayor Luque, Instituto de Arquitectura Avanzada de Cataluña - IaaC -

Ricardo Mayor is a Master in Architecture Superior Technical School of Architecture of Alcalá de Henares in Madrid. He graduated in 2012, obtaining a prize for his academic results and a further one for his final project. Since then he is one of the four founders of Design of Architectural Territories – DAT Pangea – who was awarded the first prize for the Best Young Architects in Europe for their Sustainable construction by LafargeHolcim Foundation. His working career has been mainly developed in architectural and engineering offices in Madrid, Ljubljana, Barcelona and Paris, taking part in internationally recognized projects with international architects as OMA or Frank Gehry. His main research faces themes such as design, fabrication and politics, focusing in particular on social issues to suitable solutions, and he implements them through his professional and academic practice.

Alexandre Dubor, Institute for Advanced Architecture of Catalonia -IAAC-

Alexandre Dubor is an architect and researcher combining new technologies in an attempt to improve how we build and live in our cities. He holds a Master degree of Architecture & Engineering from EAVT & ENPC (France) and a Master Degree in Advanced Architecture from IAAC (Spain), with a specialization in robotic fabrication and large-scale additive manufacturing (FabBot 3.0). He holds as well a French architectural licence (HMONP) and has worked in various architectural offices from competition stage to delivery (Libeskind, Atenastudio, iDonati, AREP) while exploring the potential of scripting and coding in a separate practice (Collectif277). Since 2012, he is working at IAAC as an expert in digital and robotic fabrication. He is now leading the Open Thesis Fabrication programme as well as the Master in Robotic and Advanced Construction at IAAC. Together with IAAC staff, students and industrial partners, he is investigating how new advances in material, digital fabrication and computational design could lead to a better construction ecosystem, towards a more efficient, affordable, sustainable and personalised built environment.

Mathilde Marengo, Institute for Advanced Architecture of Catalonia -IAAC-

Mathilde Marengo is an Australian – French – Italian Architect, with a PhD in Urbanism, whose research focuses on the Contemporary Urban Phenomenon, its integration with technology, and its implications on the future of our planet. Within today’s critical environmental, social and economic framework, she investigates the responsibility of designers in answering these challenges through circular and metabolic design. She is Head of Studies, Faculty and PhD Supervisor at the Institute for Advanced Architecture of Catalonia’s Advanced Architecture Group (AAG), an interdisciplinary research group investigating emerging technologies of information, interaction and manufacturing for the design and transformation of the cities, buildings and public spaces. Within this context, Mathilde researches, designs and experiments with innovative educational formats based on holistic, multi-disciplinary and multi-scalar design approaches, oriented towards materialization, within the AAG agenda of redefining the paradigm of design education in the Information and Experience Age. Her investigation is also actuated through her role in several National and EU funded research projects, among these Innochain, Knowledge Alliance for Advanced Urbanism, BUILD Solutions, Active Public Space,  Creative Food Cycles, and more. Her work has been published internationally, as well as exhibited, among others: Venice Biennale, Shenzhen Bi-City Biennale, Beijing Design Week, MAXXI Rome.


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